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  • Home: Jackson, Jackson County Michigan
  • Enlisted: 20 December 1863 in 1st Sharpshooters Company F at Jackson, Jackson County, Michigan
  • Age At Enlistment: 28
  • Term: 3 years
  • Mustered In: 19 January 1864 Co. F, 1st Michigan Sharpshooters
  • Promoted: 15 April 1864 to Sergeant Major
  • Promoted: 20 June 1864 to First Lieutenant in Co. K, 1st Michigan Sharpshooters
  • Mustered In: 20 September 1864 Co. K, 1st Michigan Sharpshooters
  • Promoted: 20 November 1864 to Captain
  • Mustered In: 14 December 1864
  • Wounded: In action 11 July 1864 and 2 April 1865 at Petersburg Virginia
  • Awarded: Brevet Major U. S. Volunteers for gallant and meritorious services in the assault at Petersburg Virginia 2 April 1865
  • Mustered Out: Delaney House, Washington D.C. on 28 July 1865
  • Present Residence: Napoleon, Jackson County, Michigan

Source: Record of Service of Michigan Volunteers in The Civil War 1861-1865 Michigan Adjutant General Dept. Call No. E514.3 M62 V. 44 First Michigan Sharpshooters


Alternate spellings of Last Name:

none found


1890 Veteran Census

  • Napoleon, Jackson Co., Michigan Page 4 SD1 ED 90
  • Deland James S. Private
  • F 1st Mich SS
  • Enlisted 29 Dec. 1863
  • Discharge 27 July 1865
  • Term: 1 yr. 6 mos. 28 days
  • Post Office: Napoleon Jackson Co. Michigan
  • Disability: Lost use of left arm.


Census of the state of Michigan, 1894 By Michigan. Dept. of State

page 127 - Napoleon, Jackson County, Michigan: James S. DeLand


Pension Card

  • DE LAND James S.
  • Late Rank: Captain
  • Co. K 1 Reg. Mich S.S.
  • Date Of Filing: 1865 August 21
  • Invalid: Application No. 83555 Certificate No. 56148
  • Died: 29 October 1925 at Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan
  • Remarks: none

Source: NARA Film T289 Roll 244 Organization Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served Between 1861-1900


Non Military Vital Record Data

  • Birth Date: Nov 1835
  • Birth Place: Michigan
  • Death Date: 29 October 1925
  • Death Place: Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan
  • Burial Cemetery: Mount Evergreen Cemetery, Jackson, Michigan
  • Parents: William R. DeLand and Mary G. Keith of Jackson, Michigan
  • Marriage:
  • Marriage Place:
  • Wife: Mary E. (Parker) Note: Surname listed on son Parker R. marriage record.
    • Children:
    • Parker R. b. 01 Nov 1868 in Jackson, Jackson Co., Michigan
    • Gertrude b. 28 Sep 1870 in Jackson, Jackson Co., Michigan
    • Jessie b. 28 Sep 1874 in Jackson, Jackson Co., Michigan


City Directories

Deland, Jas. S. rms 12 Lincoln av. Publication Title: 1907 City Directories for Detroit, Michigan R L Polk and Co Page-896

  • James DeLand Jackson, Michigan 1893-1895 jackson City And County Directory 1891.
  • James DeLand Jackson, Michigan 1893-1895 Jackson City And County Directory 1894-95.
  • James DeLand Michigan, Michigan 1896-1899 Jackson City And County Directory 1896.
  • James DeLand Jackson, Michigan 1896-1899 Jackson City And County Directory 1898-99.
  • James DeLand Jackson, Michigan 1899-1901 Polk's Jackson City And County Directory 1900-1901.


1860 Federal Census

2 James Deland's listed both one year apart in age and unsure of which one is the right one.


1870 Federal Census

Jackson 3rd Ward, Jackson Co., Michigan page 39 10 June 1870
  • DeLand James 34 M W Mail Agent 2000 100 Michigan
  • DeLand Mary 32 F W House Keeping Michigan
  • DeLand Parker 1 M W At Home Michigan


1880 Federal Census

5th Ward Jackson, Jackson, Michigan page 2 SD 1 ED 121 01 June 1880
  • Deland James S. W M 44 Husband Married Mail Agent Michigan Mass. New York
  • Deland Mary E. Deland W F 42 Wife Married Keeping House Michigan New York New York
  • Deland Parker R. Deland W M 11 Son Single At School Michigan Michigan Michigan
  • Deland Gertrude Deland W F 9 Daughter Single At School Michigan Michigan Michigan
  • Deland Jessie Deland W F 4 Daughter Single Michigan Michigan Michigan


1900 Federal Census

  • Name: James Deland
  • Age: 64
  • Birth Date: Nov 1835
  • Birthplace: Michigan
  • Race: White
  • Gender: Male
  • Relationship to head-of-house: Head
  • Father's Birthplace: Massachusetts
  • Mother's Birthplace: New York
  • Spouse's name: Mary E
  • Marriage Year: 1868
  • Marital Status: Married
  • Years Married: 32
  • Residence : Napoleon Township, Jackson, Michigan
  • Occupation: Farmer
  • Household Members: Name Age
    • James Deland b. Nov. 1835 64
    • Mary E Deland b. Mar. 1835 65 3 children born 3 living
    • Girtrud Deland b. Sept. 1870 29
    • Lyda Kilby 63 Boarder
    • Burtor Warters 13 Boarder


1920 United States Federal Census

  • Name: James S Deland
  • Home in 1920: Detroit Ward 2, Wayne, Michigan
  • Age: 84 years
  • Estimated Birth Year: abt 1836
  • Birthplace: Michigan
  • Relation to Head-of-house: Father-in-law
  • Father's Birth Place: Michigan
  • Mother's Birth Place: New York
  • Marital Status: Widow
  • Race: White
  • Sex: Male
  • Able to read: Yes
  • Able to Write: Yes
  • Household Members: Name Age
    • Stephen M Colter 52
    • Gertrude Colter 48
    • Darith Colter 15
    • Constance Colter 13
    • De Laud Colter 11
    • James S Deland 84
    • Shos Higgans 40
    • Jack Davison 6



Source: Official register of the United States By United States Civil Service Commission Volume II Post Office Dept. and Postal Service page 366 Railway Mail Service July 1, 1885 James S. De Land Born Michigan Appointed Michigan Where Employed Bay City to Jackson Compensation: $1,000.00


Court Case



December 9, 1907.—Referred to the Committee on War Claims and ordered to be Printed.

Court Of Claims, Clerk's Office, Washington, December 4,1907.

Sir: Pursuant to the order of the court I transmit herewith a certified copy of the findings filed by the court in the aforesaid cause, which case was referred to this court by the Committee on War Claims, House of Representatives, under the act of March 3, 1883, known as the Bowman Act.

I am, very respectfully, yours,
John Randolph, Assistant Clerk Court of Claims.

Hon. Joseph G. Cannon,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.

[Court of Claims. Congressional, No. 12169-37. James S. De Land v. The United States.]


The claim in the above-entitled case was transmitted to the court by the Committee on War Claims of the House of Representatives on the 27th day of March, 1906. The case was brought to a hearing on its merits on the 18th day of March, 1907.

Messrs. Pennebaker and Jones appeared for the claimant and the Attorney-General, by his assistant and under his direction, appeared for the defense and the protection of the interests of the United States.

The claimant in his petition makes substantially the following allegations:
1. That he is a citizen of the United States and resident in the city of Detroit, in the State of Michigan.
2. That he, being the sergeant-major of the First Regiment of Michigan Sharpshooters Volunteers, was duly appointed or commissioned by the governor of the State of Michigan as first lieutenant thereof on June 20,1864; and that from and after July 7, 1864, he assumed and performed all the duties of his said grade until September 13, 1864, when he was mustered in as such; said regiment was continuously below the minimum number prescribed by law and regulation, and for this reason and no other he was refused muster and recognition in the grade of first lieutenant during said period.
3. That during said period he was allowed and paid only the pay and allowances of a sergeant-major, although he was in the continuous performance of the duties of first lieutenant.

Upon the reports furnished by the War and Treasury Departments and upon other evidence and upon briefs and arguments of counsel the court makes the following


1. James 3. De Land, the claimant in this case, is a citizen of the United States and resident in the city of Detroit, in the State of Michigan.
2. On July 7, 1864, the said James S. De Land was sergeant-major of the First Regiment Michigan Volunteer Sharpshooters. On that date and until he was mustered out of the service, to wit, on September 13, 1864, the same was and continued to be below the minimum number prescribed by General Order No. 182 of the War Department of June 20, 1863, carrying into effect section 20 of the act of Congress approved March 3,1863. (12Stat. L., p. 734.)
The first lieutenant of said Company E, First Regiment Michigan Volunteer Sharpshooters, being then and thereafter out of service in said grade, the duties of first lieutenant devolved upon this claimant, who then and thereafter assumed and performed all the duties of first lieutenant of said Company E, First Regiment Michigan Volunteer Sharpshooters.

The governor of the State of Michigan also issued to this claimant a commission as first lieutenant, Company E, First Regiment Michigan Volunteer Sharpshooters.

3. On the said July 7, 1864, the mustering officer then and thereafter refused to muster this claimant as first lieutenant of said Company E, First Regiment Michigan Volunteer Sharpshooters, solely because his command was below its minimum strength as aforesaid, although he continued to perform the duties of first lieutenant until he was mustered into the service as such September 13, 1864.
4. During the period aforesaid, to wit, from July 7, 1864, to September 12, 1864, this claimant employed one servant, not enlisted.
5. During said period this claimant did not draw rations from the Government.
6. If the said James S. De Land should be deemed first lieutenant of Company E, First Regiment Michigan Volunteer Sharpshooters, and entitled to the pay of that grade, the difference between his pay and allowances as a sergeant-major which he has received, and that of a first lieutenant, to which he would have been entitled had he been mustered for the period from July 7, 1864, to September 12, 1864, would amount to $202.88 (two hundred and two dollars and eighty-eight cents), as reported by the Auditor for the War Department, including $1.08 income tax erroneously deducted.

By The Court.
Filed March 18, 1907.

A true copy of the findings of fact as filed by the court.
Test this 19th day of March, 1907.
[seal.] John Randolph,
Assistant Clerk Court of Claims.

Source: Reports, Documents, and Journals of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives. 60th Congress 1st Session December 2, 1907-May 30, 1908 Volume 107. Published 1908.


Family Biography

We have before alluded to Judge William R. DeLand, the pioneer and the village patriarch, the magnate of the Arcadean age of our primitive history—as indeed we could not avoid doing, as his name is so closely associated with all our beginnings. A more detailed account of Mr. DeLand, however, is necessary to make up our record. William R. DeLand is a native of Massachusetts, and was born July 20, 1794, at North Brookfield, Worcester county, sixth son of Jedediah DeLand, a soldier of the Revolution and a respectable citizen of that town; was brought up in the rural pursuits of husbandry; received a good common school education, of which he became a "high graduate." Taught school for five or six years—from his twentieth to his twenty-sixth year, in Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania. Was married February 25, 1823, to Miss Mary G. Keith, at Caroline, Tompkins County, New York. Returned to his native town in 1824. Emigrated to Michigan in the spring of 1830, leaving North Brookfield April 14 and arriving on the spot on which Jackson now stands May 27, a period of forty days and a distance of about eight hundred miles, whereas the children of Israel were forty years performing a journey of a less distance. On arrival found as "goodly a land" as those migratory Israelites, "a land flowing with milk and wild honey," and plenty of "venison" into the bargain. One of "the first settlers;” took an active part in all its improvements; in the incipient planting of the standard of civilization in this wilderness. Was appointed the first justice of the peace, the only magistrate till the organization of the county in 1833 On the organization of the circuit court, was appointed associate judge of said court for the county of Jackson for four years. Was elected justice of the peace in 1837, county clerk in 1838, for two years, by virtue of which office he was the clerk of the board of supervisors, and issued orders on the treasury for all claims audited and allowed. In 1840 was elected judge of probate.

Mr. DeLand has shared largely in the esteem and confidence of his fellow-citizens, having held many offices of honor and profit in their gift and conferred by their kind and generous patronage, and for the bestowment of which he will ever feel grateful. In the discharge of all these public duties he has been regarded as a prompt, faithful and efficient officer.

Judge DeLand has also laid his fellow-citizens under obligations for the valuable contributions he has made to our local history. Without his efforts and his care in preserving the records, the light of other days would have, in a great measure, if not wholly, faded away. He has lived to see the little hamlet of four or five houses expand into a great city, and has himself been one of the contributors to that result. May he be spared yet many years, and live to see Jackson double its present size-and prosperity. His sons are Colonel C. V. DeLand. now editor of the Saginaw Republican, residing in East Saginaw, and Captain James S. DeLand, a citizen of Jackson. They were both in the service during the late war, and both severely wounded. These two sons are all the family remaining. Captain DeLand was severely wounded in the last attack on Petersburg, and has lost the use of his left arm.

Mr. DeLand’s family consisted, in addition to the two sons above mentioned, of two other sons, who died in youth, and two daughters. The eldest, Semantha, married Benjamin W. Rockwell, and left one daughter, now Mrs. F. A. Palmer, and two sons, Edward W., of this city, and Thomas D., who resides in Leoni Township. She died in 1854. The younger daughter, Lucy, married Dewitt C. Smith and left one son, who died in Portland, Oregon, four years ago. Mr. Smith died in 1858.

William R. DeLand died November 26, 1876, aged eighty-four. Mrs. DeLand died two years later, November 28, 1878, aged seventy-eight years. Both died on Thanksgiving day and were buried on the first day of December in each year. Both lived long and useful lives, and were greatly mourned. They had long been foremost in the promotion of all good works, as citizens and Christians, and laid down the burdens of life with no duties unfulfilled, and little to regret.

One thing that may be noticed is that of all the old pioneers, who did little or much to promote the growth and welfare of the city, their name does not appear upon any street or place in the city they worked so faithfully to build up from a primitive wilderness. But it will live in history, for no account of the founding and progress of Jackson can possibly be made up if their name and work is omitted.

Source: Pages 332 and 333 De Land's History of Jackson County, Michigan: by Charles Victor De Land - 1903

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